Plastic surgery is derived from the Greek word plastike (teckhne), which means “modeling” or “sculpting.”
The profession originated in India in 800 BC, when forehead flaps were used to repair amputated noses. Plastic surgery was also used by the ancient Egyptians and Romans to correct deformities in the ears and lips, as well as to improve the appearance of the skin.
The American Board of Plastic Surgery (ABPS) was founded in 1937, and the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) designated it as a major specialty board in 1941.
This was well before the widespread use of industrial plastic products that we see today.
As a result, there’s a lot of misconception about the difference between everyday plastic products and plastic surgery.
Plastic surgery is concerned with the restoration, renewal, and enhancement of the patient’s appearance through surgery.
Reconstructive and aesthetic/cosmetic surgery are the two basic types of plastic surgery.
Burns, traumatic injuries such as facial bone fractures/breaks, congenital abnormalities such as cleft palates/cleft lips, developmental abnormalities, infection/disease, and cancer/tumors all require reconstructive plastic surgery to rectify functional limitations.
Reconstructive plastic surgery is typically used to restore function, although it can also be used to achieve a more natural form or appearance.
Aesthetic or cosmetic plastic surgery encompasses surgical and medical treatments aimed at “improvement” of an individual’s appearance, with a focus on maintaining normal appearance, repairing it, or increasing it above the average level toward some aesthetic ideal.
Plastic surgery encompasses a wide range of surgical specialties, including burn, breast, body contouring, cosmetic, craniofacial, hand, microsurgery, pediatric, and occuloplastic surgery.
Dr. Joseph Murray, a plastic surgeon who was later awarded the Nobel Prize, performed the first kidney transplant.
Breast reconstruction with implants/autogenous tissue, toe to hand operations to reconstruct and restore hand function, hand transplants, and face transplants are all important developments.
Plastic surgery is one of the most diverse and difficult surgical specialties.
It takes a long time and a lot of effort to become an ABPS-certified plastic surgeon.
ASPS plastic surgeons are all primary care physicians.
They must complete college and graduate from medical school.
While a family practitioner, pediatrician, or radiologist must complete three years of post-graduate surgical training following graduation from medical school to practice their specialty, a plastic surgeon certified by the ASPS must finish a minimum of five years.
It is fairly typical to receive additional residency or fellowship training.
ASPS plastic surgeons frequently go on to study one of the numerous different subspecialties of plastic surgery, such as hand, craniofacial, microsurgery, cosmetic surgery, and so on.
All of the plastic surgeons in the ASPS are well-trained and experienced.
Urology, orthopedics, otolaryngology (ENT), general surgery, and even neurosurgery are among the specialties of surgery where a plastic surgeon undergoes first training.
The craft involves completion of a plastic surgery core curriculum that can span anywhere from two to five years, depending on the training school and the candidates’ background/experience.
The training period is lengthy.
When they start their professions, most ASPS members have completed 14 to 16 years of higher education, passed three to five national certifying examinations in both written and oral formats, and are in their mid to late 30s.
It is the high cost of entering this surgical area that repairs, rejuvenates, and enriches the individual through plastic surgery.
It all started with the skill of modeling or sculpting the human form many years ago.